Grave Maurice : London coffee houses and taverns
A historical site about early London coffee houses and taverns
and will also link to my current pub history site and also the London street
THE GRAVE MAURICE TAVERN.
There are two taverns with this name, — in St. Leonards road, and Whitechapel
road. The history of the sign is curious. Many years ago the latter house had a
written sign, " The Grave Morris," but this has been amended.
But the original was the famous Prince of Orange, Grave Maurice, of whom we read
in Howel's Familiar Letters. In Junius's Etymologicon, Grave is explained to be
Comes, or Count, as Palsgrave is Palatine Count; of which we have an instance in
Palsgrave Count, or Elector Palatine, who married Princess Elizabeth, daughter
of James I. Their issue were the Palsgrave Charles Louis, the Grave Count or
Prince Palatine Rupert, and the Grave Count or Prince Maurice, who alike
distinguished themselves in the Civil Wars.
The two princes, Rupert and Maurice, for their loyalty and courage, were after
the Restoration, very popular ; which induced the author of the Tavern Anecdotes
to conjecture : " As we have an idea that the Mount at Whitechapel was raised to
overawe the City, Maurice, before he proceeded to the west, might have the
command of the work on the east side of the metropolis, and a temporary
residence on the spot where his sign was so lately exhibited." At the close of
the troubles of the reign, the two princes retired. In 1652, they were
endeavouring to annoy the enemies of Charles II. in the West Indies ; when the
Grave Maurice lost his life in a hurricane.
The sign of the Grave Maurice remained against the house in the Whitechapel-road
till the year 1806, when it was taken down to be repainted. It represented a
soldier in a hat and feather, and blue uniform. The tradition of the
neighbourhood is, that it is the portrait of a prince of Hesse, who was a great
warrior, but of so inflexible a countenance, that he was never seen to smile in
his life ; and that he was, therefore, most properly termed Grave.
And Last updated on: Thursday, 07-Feb-2019 15:03:44 GMT